When the skin grows older, new skin cells take longer to generate, they are more fragile, and they perish more easily. The skin becomes dryer, thinner and eventually wrinkly. The skin can be divided into three interconnected layers:
- epidermis (outermost layer of skin), where new skin cells are formed
- dermis (thicker, deeper layer of skin), which is a dense layer of connective tissue
- hypodermis (lowermost layer of skin), which mainly consists of fat cells.
In the dermis, to very important fibres are formed: collagen, which gives the skin its strength, and elastin, which gives the skin its elasticity. Wrinkles form in part because the formation of collagen and elastin decreases with age. The skin-essential fibres are produced at a slower rate. Moreover, collagen and elastin are broken down by UV radiation. Perspiration is also decreased with age, and the sebaceous glands decrease their production of sebum, which results in dry skin and a weakened skin barrier. Furthermore, the fat cells in hypodermis are decreased, resulting in lax skin.
With age, the skin does not only become wrinkly, it can also develop liver spots, which are caused by damage to the melanocytes, which produce the pigment melanin. Melanin makes us evenly tanned in the sun when we are younger. The liver spots are formed because the melanocytes are densely concentrated in certain spots on the skin and do not have anything to do with the liver. In other places, the skin can show a lack of melanocytes, which causes completely white spots.
At Inviocare, we offer injection, peeling and laser treatments to prevent and treat the natural aging process of the skin.